Chilblains are what is labeled a non-freezing cold injury. This is a issue that occurs in the cold weather however it is not a freezing cold problem such as frostbite. Chilblains are an irregular reaction of the small arteries in the foot to a difference in temperature from cold to warm. Generally if the foot is cold, the arteries close up in order to save heat. Generally when the feet are heated up those arteries have to open up to improve circulation to the skin. With a chilblain the blood vessels remain closed up for a extended period of time after which they finally and instantly open up. This causes an inflammatory reaction that triggers a painful reddish colored spot on the foot. After a couple of days waste products accumulate in the epidermis and the colour changes to a dark blue colour. They are usually fairly painful.
The ultimate way to treat a chilblain is usually to not get one to start with. You need to do this by certainly not permitting the foot to get cold using comfortable socks and protective shoes. If the feet will get cold, then it's imperative that you allow it to warm up slowing to give the blood circulation an opportunity to respond to that warming. It's the too quick warming up of your skin which is the issue in a chilblain. If a chilblain may develop, then it is required to be taken care of. Good warm hosiery as well as shoes have to be worn. Using a chilblain cream to massage the chilblain promotes the blood flow helping with eliminating those waste materials which have built up. Should the skin becomes damaged, then proper dressing with antiseptics ought to be used and kept being used until it gets better because there is a high risk for an infection. It is next imperative that you prevent any additional chilblains developing in following weeks or else there is a good possibility that this results in being a chronic ailment.